A total of ten heraldiccreatures are described as the Queen’s Beasts symbolising the history of Queen Elizabeth II. Originally, the name referred to ten stucco statues with a height of approximately 1.80 m which were created in front of Westminster Abbey on the occasion of Queen Elizabeth II's coronation. Until today, the ten creatures have adorned pieces of crockery, cutlery, candle holders and postage stamps issued by Royal Mail.
With the English Lion only the first creature adorns its own coin. The lion is a wide-spread heraldic symbol, and in the case of England it probably goes back to William the Conqueror who had a red crest with two golden lions. Since the reign of Richard the Lionheart the two lions became three lions, and as such they form part of
the English crest.
Apart from the English Lion, the Griffin of Edward III, the Hawk of the House of Plantagenet, the Black Bull of the Duke of Clarence, the Yale of the House of Beaufort, the White Lion of the
Mortimer family, the White Greyhound of Richmond, the Red Dragon of Wales, the Scottish Unicorn and the White Horse of the House of Hannover make up the Queen's Beasts.
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